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Czech citizen here.

Firstly, I'd like to thank you for your support.
Secondly, I must correct some information in this article. We do not have open carry allowed, only concealed carry. And law to "shoot a terrorist" is here for decades. It is called Necessary Defense, where you can commit a crime in defense of a matter that is protected by Criminal Law and it won't be a crime. E.G. I get stabbed by a burglar? I can shoot him in the face. I get attacked by a party of thugs with firearms and there is a MG42 nest next to me? I can use it and gun them down. We have good laws, but judges do not care and judge by their opinions. Below you can read about our laws regarding firearms. Its much more complicated, but I trued to summarize it. If you have any questions, feel free to ask.

Current law allows any irreproachable, reliable citizen and healthy citizen who passes strict tests to get a license. We have few categories of firearms as well as our licenses are categorized as well, I will get to this. And it definitely does not allow open carry. Concealed carry is the only way of carrying a weapon for self defense. Open carry is possible only for police officers in duty, military police officers in duty and gamekeepers in the place, where they are performing their duties.

Irreproachability and reliability are defined in the law regarding firearms. It basically means: Person without criminal record(there are some exceptions like: A person can get licence after 20 years from sentence's end, if it was longer than 5 years). And a person who is not: alcoholic, drug abuser, and he has not commited more than 1 of these offenses in last 3 years:
a) regarding firearms and ammunition
b) regarding explosives
c) regarding protection against alcoholism and other addictions or similar offense against safety, and continuity of traffic(cars, cyclists etc.)
d) regarding defense of the Czech Republic
e) regarding public order
f) regarding private property
g) regarding agriculture, fishing or hunting(basically poaching)

Now if you pass this pretty tough criteria, you must undergo a medical examination where your practical doctor examines you and has a right to send you to psychical examination(has a right, not that he has to). When you passed this, you go to your competent police force and apply for the licence exam. Now, let me get to licence types and weapon types.

Licence categories:
A -> for collecting firearms
B -> for sport use
C -> for hunting
D -> for duty use (gunshop salesman etc. not police force, they are excludet from this laws), this also requires more frequent medical examinations.
E -> for defense of healty, life and property (property is only formal thing since in EU life is more valuable than property, there is a loop in this though)
F -> pyrotechnical research

For a common citizen, licence of category A,B,C and E is everything he needs.

For further understanding of banned weaponry we must define terms Long Firearm and Short Firearm.

Short firearm is: every firearm that has both: total length less than 60cm and barrel length less than 30cm.
Long firearm is: every firearm that isn't short firearm.

Firearm categories:
A -> banned weapons:
such as full-auto,
sinister weapons(e.g. a gun in a walking stick),
armor piercing ammunition,
tracer ammunition,
explosive ammunition,
hollow point ammunition in short firearms(again, thanks EU),
EFMJ type ammunition,
ammunition with extended wounding effect.
Traps,
silencers,
suppressors,
firearms made from other materials than metal,
military weapons which are not approved for civilian use.

B -> firearms requiring a permit and registration:
short semi-auto and revolvers,
short one-shot or multiple-shot firearms for center fire ammunition,
one-shot or multiple-shot firearms for rim fire ammunition if they're shorter than 28 cm,
long semi-autos which magazine or magazine equivalent can contain more than 3 rounds,
semi-autos with the look of full-autos,
signal firearms for ammunition of caliber 16mm or more,
long semi-autos or bolt-action or manual reload(to eject used cartridge and insert new round using mechanism of a weapon, typical example is a Mossberg pump-action shotgun) with total length less or equal than 600mm

C -> firearms requiring registration:
one-shot or multiple shot or semi-autos not mentioned in category B,
firearms for rim fire ammunition longer than 280mm,
gas firearms that has muzzle projectile energy more than 16J, except paintball weapons

D -> firearms from 18 years
historic firearms (made before 1890),
floberts up to 7.5J,
gas firearms up to muzzle projectile energy of 16J,
inactive ammunition,
mechanical weapons with draw-power above 150N,
firearms not mentioned in A,B and C

To acquire a firearm mentioned in category A, one must get an exception for said firearm. In 2016, 2 exceptions were given. One to a museum and one to my friend's father as he is a collector.

Firearms in general(with ammunition, powder etc.) must be stored in safes complying with a standard.

Now to the exam. Exam has 2 parts: theoretical and practical. Theoretical is a multiple choice test which consists of 30 questions. These questions are picked from a set of 500 questions approved by Ministry for Inner Affairs(I hope it is good translation). They cover topics like: law regarding firearms, ammunition and their use, first aid, firearm and ammunition storage, mechanical principles of a firearm etc. To pass this test to get licence of category E(for health, life and property protection) one muss get 74 points out of total 79. That are 1 mistake for 3 points and 1 mistake for 2 points.

If a person passes this test(he knows it after few minutes), he must undergo practical examination. This practical examination consists of 2 parts. Safe manipulation and shooting.

Manipulation: a person must know safety rules, such as finger off the trigger and trigger guard, aim into a safe space etc, how to solve malfunctions, field strip of few types of a weapon. Typically a CZ75 for short firearm, a two barreled shotgun for shotguns and a .22LR rim fire rifle for bolt action rifles. Soon there might be a field strip of a Vz. 58.

When a person succeeds here, said person goes to a range and with a pistol must hit at least 4 out of 5 rounds in international 50/20 pistol target at the range of 10 meters in time of 3 minutes. D category candidates has it 15 meters and 2 minutes. Then a person goes to shotgun and .22LR rifle, both are being shot at 25 meters at 15.5cm in diameter target and a person must hit 2 rounds out of 2 shots from shotgun, and 4/5 from .22LR rifle.

After he passes this, he asks for licence, background check is made and if he is clean he gets it. Exam's success rate is ~50%, maybe less.

When a person is carrying for self defense, that means loaded under his control and concealed, since any other way of carrying is not possible, he can carry two firearms and when carrying, and manipulating with a firearm and ammunition, he must not be under influence of alcohol or any other mind altering drug.
my dad's family is from Bratislava but they came over in 1894 so Austrohungarian days. They spoke Slovak though.
 

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Citizens of the Czech Republic,congrats.
 

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Little update on the matter.
Our parliament's lower chamber declined(169 from 172 present voted yes to decline) to novelise our current balanced law(see higher) until European Court states it's opinion on the matter.
 

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If anyone comes to the often looked down upon state of Louisiana, we have always had legal open carry laws.
One restaurant even gives a 10% discount to those packing iron. At my business I carry and encourage my customers to do the same .
Politicians get voted into office.....then they can be voted out of office and laws can be changed.
 

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Little update on the matter.
Our parliament's lower chamber declined(169 from 172 present voted yes to decline) to novelise our current balanced law(see higher) until European Court states it's opinion on the matter.
The impact of the European Union on the sovereign rights of the member states is one of the principal reasons the United Kingdom wants out of the EU.

Perhaps the Czech Republic could learn something from the UK.

You can have an independent country and still have free trade with the rest of Europe without giving up your sovereignty.
 

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The impact of the European Union on the sovereign rights of the member states is one of the principal reasons the United Kingdom wants out of the EU.

Perhaps the Czech Republic could learn something from the UK.

You can have an independent country and still have free trade with the rest of Europe without giving up your sovereignty.
The problem is that EU is child who wants revenge(as seen with UK), and we do not have such economic strength as UK. V4 would be different. Poles backed us up at the court. Swiss are discussing leaving Shengen due to this directive. Things will be definitely interesting in next few years.

Another update:
European Court declined our request for postponing the date when this directive became operational. Honestly, I am afraid this will increase the black market cut, since ~300 000 from ~800 000 firearms could just disappear. I will keep this thread updated.
 

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Bravo Citizens of the Czech Republic. It's a significant first step. Now, keep going forward, push, and never give up an inch.
I agree. Good for them.
 

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The impact of the European Union on the sovereign rights of the member states is one of the principal reasons the United Kingdom wants out of the EU.

Perhaps the Czech Republic could learn something from the UK.

You can have an independent country and still have free trade with the rest of Europe without giving up your sovereignty.
The only way is to vote NO on ANY mandates the EU wish to implement. Ammunition and marking laws are all EU and UN directives.
 

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The countries of the EU have become states within the EU and are no longer countries.

I think the trade agreements in the EU are a good thing for Europe. I'm not too sure the liberal social polices of the EU are a good thing.
 

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Good news. Our representatives in lower chamber of parliament and people on the ministry of interior are reasonable people and know, that we didnt hand in our firearms even under the death sentence back under nazis or commies. They know people would arm themselves by firearms from the black market and so they are trying to protect our rights here. Right now I cannot say more since nothing is official.
 

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There are some unofficial rumors about what is going to happen, we should have 2 reworks of our current legislation. One, small, to say: OK, we understand, wolf will eat and goat will stay intact. And second one: Do not touch our firearms since they are key part in your national security.
 

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There are some unofficial rumors about what is going to happen, we should have 2 reworks of our current legislation. One, small, to say: OK, we understand, wolf will eat and goat will stay intact. And second one: Do not touch our firearms since they are key part in your national security.
Usually when the wolf gets to eat, the goat doesn't stay intact for long.
 

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Usually when the wolf gets to eat, the goat doesn't stay intact for long.
It is just a saying here. It means that nothing happens, but the one who wanted the thing to happen is satisfied.
For example: The 30 round magazines will become category A-I (for exception if one is in state militia or in international sporting club), but the exception will be shall-issue, to everyone with licence(as it is now)
 

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Update:
1)
Our lawmakers called together an expert group to start working on complete rework of our gunlaw, as it needed it like salt already. It will consist of 3 laws, one being the bufferzone for EU's nonsense, then one regarding sport and one regarding national security. This way, we will be protected from EU's nonsense since EU does not have jurisdiction in national security(yet, and I hope it stays that way since EU cannot take over the role of the NATO, it will be huge mess). We might even be allowed to use hollow points in our short firearms(barrel length up to 30 cm and overall length up to 60cm). General idea is to loosen up the legislative on firearms owned since it is overly strict. The conditions to own firearms will stay the same.
2)
EU court dismissed our appeal on postponing the date the directive will come into force.
3)
The date it will come into force is this september.
4)
Our representatives refused to implement it so far. I really hope they will not change their mind.
But our prime minister is an oligarch and he lives from EU donations, so I am worried a bit.
5)
Our representatives know, thanks to our 51 years long experience with Nazis and Commies, that we will sink our guns in oil and hide them from the state even when the lives of our relatives and families are at the stake. It is considered normal here due the fact that our allies sold us two times to the dictators and we had to fight them on our own, those guns are the key to the functional resistance. Ministry of Interior guesses that there are up to 2 million firearms on the black market today. The moment this directive will be implemented in our law, basically disarming the population, at least 50% of the legal firearms will disappear from the surface of the Earth into the abyss of the black market, attics and roof beams.
 

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Warning: long post

All right, after some time, we've got few things moving. This spring, maybe summer, EU court will most likely decide about the directive, and our duty to obey. We do not expect any positive outcome, so we are preparing already, I will write about our preparations further down.

In the meantime EU is starting to push complete ban on lead used in ammunition and as fisher's weights. This is already causing an uproar among many people, not only gunowners. Our political representation is starting to take a stand. Not only GUNLEX(apolitical group of experts), but LIGA LIBE as well. These two organisations are playing the game of the good cop(LEX) and bad cop(LIGA). They are doing wonderful job so far. We will se in the future.

Now to the most interesting and important part. Due to the fact, that Lisboa's treaty forbids EU to interfere with inner security of the member states, our political representation is trying to tie the institute of private gun ownership to the inner security of the state. During the spring of last year a group of expert was assembled and they are working on change of the legislative. Our current law 119/2002 Sb. will be transformed and reworked in 4 laws. During the January, information embargo on the first law was lifted and it has been released to the public to remark the thing. The bad news is the fact that it has been written in a way to follow the directive, even though rather loosely. So the main changes compared to current system:

Change to gun licence and gun permits - gun licences to the worse, gun permits to the better.
Changes to firearm categories, including ban on 11+ round magazines for rifles and 21+ round magazines for pistols. There is shall-issue exception for sport users(at least once a year on the range) and people preparing for defense of soft targets(here is the possibility that it is everybody who is carrying concealed).
Change to hollow point and defensive ammo regulation. If you are preparing for defense of soft targets, you can own it and carry it.
Removal of many gun free zones. Current gun free zones are: public gatherings, public parties(balls, dances etc. Theaters and Cinemas are grey zones), public celebrations, sport events. Most of them cease to exist and only gun free zone left is public gathering(that are demonstrations etc.).
Carrying and drinking is a big no-no. That stays.

As I said, there are few good things, few bad things and now the fight starts. We must inform our representatives to remove those bad things and form better specifications of some things. The best thing would be tying these laws under national security umbrella, so EU cannot mess with us.

The fight is on. Wish us luck.
 

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The bill will allow all licenced Czech gun owners to openly carry weapons which they would be free to use to defend themselves and their countrymen in the event of a terrorist attack.

A pistol or a rifle, in the hands of citizens is just the ticket, to end a terrorist attack.
Look at Israel as the best example.
 
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